In Library War, it's the Thought Police vs. Militarized Libraries
The Japanese government passed the Media Betterment Act, which allows the government to censor books, magazines, films, and other forms of media it considers to be unacceptable. The Media Betterment Committee enforces this censorship, taking these offensive materials from places like bookstores and disposing of them.
But in a move that speaks either of genius or madness, the government has also passed the Library Freedom Act, allowing libraries to be safe repositories for even banned materials, places where people can go to find any available media, approved or banned.
Several years before this story begins, conflict between the libraries and the Media Betterment Committee turned deadly during the event that became known as the Nightmare of Hino, an incident were Betterment forces attacked library workers and ended up killing 12 people. After that, libraries began to arm themselves and train people in military fashion for times when they are required to fight Betterment soldiers.
Iku Kasahara has joined the Library Force at the Kanto library, for a couple of reasons. First, she's a great reader and doesn't like censorship. Second, she has a crush on the man who once protected her when Betterment tried to take an offensive book away from her, though she can't remember much about him.
Despite how that first part might read, this series keeps a fairly light tone, though there are some intense moments towards the end. There are a few fights between the Betterment and Library forces, but they stay at about the level of The A-Team—lots of shooting, but rarely does anyone get seriously hurt.
The rules of conflict between the two forces can seem rather odd, especially since they aren't well spelled out in the series. For example, one time when Iku and another member of her library force are fleeing from an ambush by Betterment forces, she calls out the Betterment members for using firearms in a place where it was illegal for either side to use them. Another time, it's pointed out that Library Forces can only shoot on library property.
And despite the two sides being in bitter conflict with each other, that doesn't do much to impede their everyday lives. Library members still shop, eat out, go to cafes, and do so without being armed. The evening before the final big fight of the series, a member of the Library Forces encounters someone with the Betterment Forces at a grocery store, and they walk and chat in a not-unfriendly manner before parting to return to their respective groups and prepare for the conflict coming in the morning.
A series about a government attempt at censorship is sure to raise some emotions in viewers, even a series as mostly lite-hearted as this one.
Library War isn't subtle about which side it comes down on—the libraries are the good guys, and the Betterment people are not. In fact, Library War appears at one point in the series on a list of books Betterment is concerned about. Later, Betterment tries to take a book called “The Prophecy” from librarians transporting it from one place to another, and how one library worker describes this book shows it to be a pretty clear reference to Fahrenheit 451.
I'm against censorship, and at least try to go along with the quote “I don't like what you say, but I'll defend your right to say it”, though I'm not sure if that's the exact quote. On the other hand, the self-congratulatory attitude of much of the “Read banned books” paraphernalia that I've seen is nausea-inducing, too.
Freedoms are always difficult things. Freedom of speech is a good thing, but that freedom allows telemarketers to bother us at dinner time, politicians to make promises during campaign seasons that we all know they will never keep, faith healers to claim that God told them something completely looney, and basically for people to disagree with anything anyone else says or thinks.
We don't live in a perfect world, and we are not perfect people. Every good gift comes from God, but we've abused those gifts countless of times over, and freedom of speech and expression is among those gifts that has often been abused. Still, that gift remains precious and valuable.
Given that fallen state of all mankind, even and especially of those in charge of any society, even if censorship could be defended, if it were implemented it would likely only result in the banning of the good while letting the evil run rampant.
On a scale of 5, I've give this series a 3.5. It's above average and enjoyable, while also dealing with some serious issues at times, but the overall light feel tones down what could have been a serious look at the problems of censorship. Still, it a good series, and I can recommend it.
The anime series is based on a manga series, Library Wars: Love and War, and that title reflects how the anime series goes. It has a pretty good balance of both the war aspect, and the romance, too.
I'd guess there could be some confusion about the name. Crunchyroll calls the series Library War, while the manga is Library Wars. I remember seeing that the Japanese language doesn't have plural forms of words like English does, so that may explain the difference in the names.
The anime has 12 episodes on Crunchyroll, with a 13 being an OVA that focuses on Dojo's friend Komaki. The manga has 15 books, which likely means there's more story should there be another season or two for the anime, though I don't know if a further season is planned.